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I am often asked if I have a backup of my Mac. And unfortunately for the person asking the question, I’m a little like the watchmaker who, when you ask him what time it is, he tells you how to make a watch. First the answer is definitely, “yes!”Ariat Women's Legend Western Cowboy Boot B001G8U2O4 9 C US|Brown Oiled RowdyFRYE Women's Engineer 12R Boot B0044PPYVM 6.5 B(M) US|Sand In fact, I have 3 local backups of sorts.
I contend that you must have at least two different local backups, for two likely events:
- For the event that your hard drive fails and gets replaced.Fila Women's Memory Fresh Start Slip Resistant Work Shoe B0107LZRK4 9.5 B(M) US|Black/Black/Metallic Silver
- For the event that your Mac fails and you decide to replace it.NIKE Women's Revolution 3 Running Shoe B01H60590M 7.5 B(M) US|Wolf Grey/Aluminum/Black/Blue Tint
And if you have the two backups that I suggest below, you can recover from either event in just a few minutes to an hour or so.
So if you haven’t already, purchase two external hard drives. FRYE Women's Lena Harness High Fashion Sneaker B01N4GFHDL 7 B(M) US|Gold/Metallic LeatherThey should be the same storage capacity as the drive that you are backing up. I like the Lacie Thunderbolt drives for this purpose. But you may like another drive better, and that’s just fine. As long as the drives are reliable, your data will be safely stored for the day that disaster comes.
So without belaboring the point, I will tell you what my two backup systems and my bonus backup (my 3rd local backup).
- SuperDuper! – hard drive clone.
- Time Machine – Apple’s built-in backup system.
And my bonus local backup:
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- Naturalizer Women's Samantha Pointed Toe Flat B071RMV88V 9 B(M) US|Caramel
- Vince Women's Halle Fashion Boot B06XDS3Y1P 9 M US|Dark Willow
- Dansko Women's Ann Flat B01A02LOB6 40 EU/9.5-10 M US|Pewter Metallic
- Sam Edelman Women's Gala Slide Sandal B076MDWGLF 8 W US|Red Kid Suede Leather
- SoftWalk Women's Bolivia Sandal B002J9GYNM 11 W US|Sand Tumbled Nubuck
- Pleaser Women's Xtreme-808BG Platform Sandal B00HV9Q782 10 B(M) US|Clear/Black Glitter
- Antelope Women's 316 Nappa Cutout Sandal B079S26KHQ 6 B(M) US / 37 EU|Black
- Skechers Performance Women's Go Walk Slip-On Walking Shoe B07CR868LW 7.5 B(M) US|Black White Mix
- Vince Camuto Women's Ellanna Slide Sandal B075FS153D 9 B(M) US|Cherry Red
- Coconuts by Matisse Women's Cimmaron Boot B01NAPVG1S 6.5 B(M) US|Tan
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- Sync to another Mac computer
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SuperDuper! is software that creates an exact bootable clone of your hard drive. You can find it at the adidas Originals Women's ZX Flux W Lace-Up Fashion Sneaker B01HNHPTL2 10 M US|Utility Grey Utility Grey/White site. Let me tell you how this averted disaster for me on at least two occasions.
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A few years back, I had an iMac that began failing after running for an hour or so. For a few days, the time to failure got a little shorter. I had a backup, but wasn’t looking forward to putting everything back on a new hard drive. I knew that cloning a drive was theoretically possible, but I had never put it to the test.
I began by searching for software that would make an exact, bootable copy of the hard drive. Skechers Women's Flex Appeal 2.0 Insight Sneaker B071K6NV2H 8 B(M) US|Black Rose GoldMy research turned up SuperDuper! I figured out that if I let the computer power down and cool off, it would run long enough to finish the cloning of the drive. That was fortunate, and not usually the way things work out.
I purchased an internal hard drive and connected it with an adapter that turns an internal drive into an external drive. Bonus:Brooks Womens Adrenaline GTS 18 B07199BGT2 7.5 B(M) US|Black/Black. Nice.
Using SuperDuper!, I cloned the drive. When the clone finished, I rebooted the iMac and caused it to boot from the external drive.Reebok Women's Speed Her TR Sneaker B073XK9NHG 8.5 B(M) US|Quartz/Smoky Volcano/White/Silver To my amazement, although much slower than the internal hard drive, the computer booted up and I saw my desktop screen exactly as I expected. Every icon in place.Skechers Women's Flex Appeal 2.0 Sneaker B076DJDQJM 9 B(M) US|Sage White Trim I tried a few programs to convince myself that I had indeed cloned the drive. All of my little tests worked perfectly.
To finish the job, I found an explanation of how to replace the internal iMac drive on YouTube. I removed the failing drive from my iMac and put the cloned in its place. I closed everything up and powered up.
The iMac was working exactly as before the change, only better. The hard drive was faster and had a higher capacity. Win win.
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This case, rather recently, made me glad that I follow my own rules of backing everything up (twice) before applying an OS X update. In this case, I was updating to El Capitan (OS X 10.11), so I made my usual SuperDuper! clone, as well as the Time Machine backup.
Upon installing the update, I got the spinning color wheel. After several attempts to restart the process, it stayed spinning over night. I made an appointment for the local Apple Genius Bar, hopefully they could help my finish the update.
They had never heard of a Retina Macbook Pro SSD drive failing–until that day. Apparently, by downloading the update,PUMA Women's Dare Trainer WNS Sheen Sneaker B071K7HCYK 9 M US|Birch-birch the drive accessed an area that had not previously been accessed. And so I was caught in a loop. The update had gotten to that spot where the old OS was no longer available,ECCO Women's Soft 8 Strap Fashion Sneaker B01I6GR5Q6 42 EU/11-11.5 M US|Black but the new OS had not been fully installed.
The Apple Genius asked if I had a backup. I smiled and simply said yes. I wanted to tell him all about my various backup procedures, but I refrained.
So, the procedure at this point was to replace the SSD drive. Skechers BOBS from Women's Bobs Squad-Twinning Fashion Sneaker B07263CZD3 6.5 B(M) US|Charcoal PinkWhen asked if I wanted them to restore from a backup, I declined. I knew that I might have better results with my SuperDuper! backup than with the Time Machine backup.
In this instance, where only the hard drive is being replaced, SuperDuper! is by far the easiest recovery. I followed the instructions on the Shirt-Pocket website:
- Boot from the external drive (a clone of my hard drive)
- Open SuperDuper! and tell it to restore everything
- Wait until SuperDuper! is done and quit.
- Shut down the computer
- Remove the external drive
- Boot the computer as normal
As I had experienced previously, everything came back exactly as it had been before the failure. I then updated to El Capitan without incident. I’m writing this post from that computer.
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In this case, the hard drive may or may not have failed,Skechers Women's Ultra Flex Bright Horizon Sneaker B01MS9T5OT 6.5 B(M) US|Black Charcoal but some other vital component has failed, and the best option is to replace the computer. Here’s where Time Machine really shines. Time Machine brings a new computer as close to the same as your old computer as it possibly can.
In the case of a new computer, you probably don’t want a clone of the drive! Peach Couture Casual Sneakers Low Top Tennis Shoes B07DXBHFB6 5 M US|RedYou’re getting the new OS X version, already installed in that computer. HOKA ONE ONE Women's Clifton 4 Running Shoe B072BYMW5X 10.5 B(M) US|Sky/Blue/Surf/the/Web.
Trust the Apple Time Machine to bring over all your settings and apps to the new computer.
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What was the third backup (of sorts) mentioned earlier? That’s the sync between my main computer and my travel computer.PUMA Women's Fierce Core Cross-Trainer Shoe B072R6THN7 8 B(M) US|Puma Black-paradise PinkThat’s the topic of another post. I’ll write that one soon. If you’re interested, ask about it in the comments below. I’ll gladly tell you what that third backup is all about. Hint: Skechers Women's Go Walk Joy-Invite Sneaker B078GL92LB 10 B(M) US|Multi.
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Keep two backups of your computer:
- Time Machine